New ICSID Statistics (2013-2) made public, by José Ángel Rueda

On 31 July 2013 ICSID issued its updated caseload statistics on cases registered and administered by the Centre.[1] As of 30 June 2013 ICSID had registered 433 cases under the 1965 ICSID Convention and the 1978 Additional Facility Rules (AFR). It had registered 14 cases in 2013 until the closure of that document.[2]  Continue reading

EU Commission proposes to open negotiations for a BIT with China, by José Ángel Rueda

On 23 May 2013 the European Commission decided to ask EU Member States for their agreement on a mandate to open negotiations on an investment agreement with China.[1] As the Commission has underlined, “this is the first ever proposal for a stand-alone investment agreement since foreign direct investment became the exclusive competence of the EU under the Lisbon Treaty” on 1 December 2009.

Continue reading

List of pre-2009 extra-EU BITs published by the European Commission, by José Ángel Rueda

On 8 May 2013 the Official Journal of the European Union has published the List of the bilateral investment agreements referred to in Article 4(1) of Regulation (EU) No 1219/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing transitional arrangements for bilateral investment agreements between Member States and third countries.[1]

Continue reading

Latest remarks on EU’s FTA and foreign investment plans with developing countries in Asia, by José Ángel Rueda

The EU has been very active in the promotion of free trade and investment during the last two weeks.[1] Morocco, Peru, Ukraine or the United States of America have become or will become EU partners in those fields in the near future.

Now we would like to complete the scenario by pointing out the latest developments of EU initiatives with a further two developing countries: Myanmar and Vietnam.  Continue reading

Launch of FTA talks between the EU and Morocco formally announced, by José Ángel Rueda

On 1 March 2013 José Manuel Barroso, President of the European Commission, paid an official visit to Morocco. At the end of the round of meetings held with H.M. King Mohammed VI and Prime Minister Abdelilah Benkirane in Rabat, Mr. Barroso formally announced the launch of negotiations between the EU and Morocco for the conclusion of a so-called Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement or DCFTA (English for “Accord de Libre Échange Complet et Approfondi”).[1]

Continue reading

Provisional application of the EU-Peru FTA from 1 March 2013 announced, by José Ángel Rueda

On 28 February 2013 the European Commission announced the provisional application as of 1 March 2013 of the free trade agreement (the “FTA”) signed by the EU (and its 27 Member States) and Peru on 26 June 2012.[1] Although the FTA was also signed by Colombia it will not be provisionally applicable with this country until Colombia ratifies it later this year.  Continue reading

Implications of Key BIT Provisions, by Nida Mahmood

The aim of this paper is to review all the protective provisions found mostly in all BITs, whether coming from customary international law or enunciated through the BIT itself in order to illustrate the implications of those provisions so that a proper understanding of the obligations imposed therein on the host States can be illustrated.

Continue reading

Investors, 6 – States, 0: Tribunals Unanimously Uphold the Use of the MFN Clause under the Spain-Argentina BIT, by José Ángel Rueda


Amid rumours of Argentina’s upcoming denunciation of the ICSID Convention after many awards and decisions rendered against that country, it is advisable to reflect about the current status of the Maffezini doctrine within its original context, i.e., the Spain-Argentina (or, reciprocally, the Argentina-Spain) BIT.[1]

So far, six Arbitral Tribunals have accepted that investors (whether Argentinean or Spanish) may benefit from the MFN Clause included in Article IV(2) of the BIT to bypass a required 18-month period of litigation within the host State courts before resorting to international arbitration (ICSID or ad hoc under the UNCITRAL Rules of Arbitration). As far as it is known, to date no Arbitral Tribunal under the Spain-Argentina BIT has denied this solution, although a dissenting opinion was rendered for the first time in late December 2012.

The current score is, as indicated above, 6-0, a clear victory for investors against host States. It could lead us to affirm the existence of jurisprudence constante in this legal issue, at least under the Spain-Argentina BIT. Nonetheless, this post intends only to update the reader on this topic and is deliberately open for further research, analysis and debate. Continue reading

Impact of EU Regulation 1219/2012 on BITs Signed by Spain, by José Ángel Rueda

Following our post on the upcoming entry into force of EU Regulation 1219/2012 we hereby offer a short summary regarding its impact on the BITs signed by Spain with third countries (i.e., excluding those BITs signed with current or upcoming EU Member States).

Continue reading

EU approves Regulation 1219/2012 on existing BITs between EU Member States and Third Countries, by José Ángel Rueda

On 20 December 2012 the Official Journal of the EU published Regulation No. 1219/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 December 2012 establishing transitional arrangements for bilateral investment agreements between Member States and third countries:    

Continue reading

Bidzina Ivanishvili v. Georgia (ICSID Case No. ARB/12/27), by José Ángel Rueda

ICSID’s website has published an ‘Order of the Secretary-General Taking Note of the Discontinuance of the Proceeding’ dated 10 December 2012 in the ICSID Case No. ARB/12/27, Bidzina Ivanishvili v. Georgia.

Continue reading